Future Reflections April/May/June 1985, Vol. 4 No. 2
(Note: The following articles are reprinted from the November 1984 Slate and Style, the Newsletter of the National Federation of the Blind Writers Division.)
BRAILLE THE FUNDAMENTAL SKILL FOR BLIND WRITERS
by Catherine Horn Randall
Today's technological revolution is providing blind people with alternate aids only dreamed of less than ten years ago. Wonderful as word processors and speech synthesizers are, they should not be allowed to eclipse Braille. These and other alternate aids serve as tools to work with language. Braille is our unique written language, and language is the alpha and omega of our craft. Braille literacy is the most fundamental skill a blind writer can develop.
The blind writer's most elementary problem is the ability to communicate with himself. I seem to have to do this on paper. I can use a tape recorder for many things, but not for writing. I have tried dictating many times, but it does not work for me.
Using Braille, I can read and reread, write and rewrite my work. Most writers agree that rewriting is essential to a good product. Braille is the blind writer's tactile ticket to independence.
Long time Braille users probably think I have overstated the obvious, but thousands of partially blind students do not learn Braille in school because they have enough sight to read print. This happened to me thirty years ago and it still happens to children today. This philosophy is an educational outrage. It has done a terrible disservice to blind people who should have learned Braille as well as print in school.
I learned Braille five years ago as an adult, after losing my remaining functional vision. It is never too late to learn Braille.
IS BRAILLE WORTH IT
by Nancy Scott
In the realm of communication for blind people, the current emphasis is on the spoken word: Talking Books, Cassettes, Radio Reading Services, computers with speech output. This ^emphasis has one major drawback: It promotes the attitude that Braille no longer fills an important role for blind people. As a writer, and Braille user, I would like to dispel this notion.
Braille has provided benefits to me which I could not derive from verbal sources. It is the only method which gives me the exact information to be found in print sources. Braille allows for the physical act of reading and writing, which, for me, at least, is different than listening to or speaking into a tape recorder. I have real interaction with the words. I can read passages at random and in any order. I determine emphasis on particular words as I, or the writer, wish (the difference between, "I like you," and "I like you!"). Editing is easier in Braille. Since the punctuation and paragraphing are there for me to read, no questions arise about them, as they often do in verbal formats, and no special notation need be made in explanation.
Reference materials are easier for me to handle in Braille. Have you ever read a disc magazine, and wanted to write to someone, only to find you don't know how to spell the street name or the name of the person? Or have you perhaps listened to a poem and wondered how the lines were set forth and what punctuation was used? Are you often left wondering how words are spelled? These questions can't arise when you use Braille. All words are spelled, and all format and punctuation at your fingertips.
Certain other types of information, such as phone number and address files or recipes, are especially handy to have in Braille. There are also simple identification tasks: You can label almost anything in Braille (cans, pills, appliances, tapes, records, file folders, just to name a few). This use of Braille alone has kept my household from approaching total chaos. If you still aren't convinced that Braille has a place in your life, let's talk technology. There are many computers and adaptive aids that can make Braille more accessible, less expensive, and in the case of paperless Braille, very easy to store. This technology has made large advances in just a few years, and is bound to be even more innovative in the future.
Braille provides the same immediacy of information for the blind that print provides for the sighted, whether we are talking about books, or computer readouts. In short, Braille is the only way to gain the exact information in essentially the same way as a print user gains it. It is the only system that provides a physical interaction with the written word, and allows for instant perception of format and letter by letter content. Braille is the closest you can get to the literal literacy that can be achieved with print, and this literacy--or the lack of it--will leave its mark in every area of your life.
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