Braille Usage Table of Contents

1. NATURE OF THE INVESTIGATION

Introduction
Decline in Braille Usage
Statement of the Problem
Significance of the Study
Design
Limitations of the Study
Definition of Terms

2. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Introduction
History of the Braille Literacy Issue
The Perception of a "Braille Problem"
Consumer Organizations
Professionals
Proposed Solutions to the Perceived Braille Problem
Empirical Evidence and/or Research Addressing the "Braille Problem"
Studies on the Role of Braille in the Lives of Blind Adults
The Mack Study
The Heger Study
The NLS Study
Studies on the Efficiency of Braille as Compared to Other Media
Studies Linking Decreased Braille Usage and Unemployment,
   Social Isolation and Self-Sufficiency Among Legally Blind Adults
Anecdotal Evidence
Conclusion

3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Introduction
Qualitative Research and the Case Study Method
Purposive/Theoretical Sampling
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Objectivity and Personal History
Personal History
Objectivity
Internal and External Validity and Reliability
Internal Validity
Reliability
External Validity
Conclusion

4. ATTITUDES ABOUT BRAILLE AND OTHER READING METHODS

Introduction
Attitudes About Braille and Reading Methods Generally
Attitudes About Braille
Attitudes About Reading Methods
Thoughts About Reading
Factors that Influence Differing Beliefs About Braille and Reading
Amount of Remaining Vision
Experiences with Braille Throughout the Educational Process
Attitudes About Blindness and an Individual's Exposure to and 
   Identification with Legally Blind Braille Readers
Conclusion

5. FUNCTIONING OF LEGALLY BLIND ADULTS WITH AND WITHOUT BRAILLE

Introduction
Beliefs Regarding Functioning
Functioning at Home, School and in the Workplace
Functioning at School
Functioning on the Job
Functioning at Home
Functioning in Leisure Activities
Conclusion

6. DO LEGALLY BLIND ADULTS BELIEVE A BRAILLE PROBLEM TRULY EXISTS?

Introduction
General Thoughts About Braille Usage
Thoughts About a Decline in Braille Usage
Thoughts About the Education of Today's Legally Blind Children
Braille as a Status Symbol
Literacy
Conclusion

7. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

Introduction
The Value of Competency for Self-Acceptance
Growing Up with a Disability or "Stigma"
Beyond Stigma: The Effect of Minority Group Identification for 
   Individuals with Disabilities
Implications of Stigma on the Education of Blind Children
Conclusion

8. SUMMARY AND IMPLICATIONS

Summary of the Findings
Recommendations and Implications for Policy Planners and
   School Administrators
Implications for Future Research

APPENDICES

Appendix A Trends in the Field of Deaf Education as Compared
with Trends in the Blindness Field

Appendix B Interview Guide

Appendix C Results of Pilot Study

Appendix D List of Coding Categories

Appendix E Examination of Additional Variables

REFERENCES

LIST OF FIGURES

1. Mack Study Questionnaire Used in Telephone Interview

2. Participants' Demographic Information