On the Duration of Sleepshade Training in the Adjustment to Blindness

By Justin M. Salisbury, MA, NOMC, NCRTB, NCUEB

Preferred Citation

Salisbury, J. M. (2017). On the Duration of Sleepshade Training in the Adjustment to Blindness. Journal of Blindness Innovation and Research, 7(2). Retrieved from https://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/jbir/jbir17/jbir070202.html. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5241/7-122


A core component of the adjustment to blindness process is training, which ideally involves the use of sleepshades. This literature review investigates the reasons why sleepshade training typically lasts between six and nine months when attended on a full-time basis. The development of alternative techniques is often cited as the primary component of adjustment to blindness training, but the emotional adjustment is also critical and well-documented. The alternative techniques must be practiced until they become consistent and automatic and can be performed almost without thinking. The consistency and automaticity enable dependable problem solving and the development of problem-solving skills. Blind consumers must have enough experience under sleepshades to develop the confidence and feelings of normality that enable them to put their alternative techniques and problem-solving skills into action. Employment outcomes for consumers who undergo long-term sleepshade training appear more positive than employment outcomes for those who do not.


Orientation and mobility, blindness rehabilitation, training, emotional adjustment, independence

Full Text:


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5241/7-122

The Journal of Blindness Innovation and Research is copyright (c) 2017 to the National Federation of the Blind.