Adaption and Evaluation of a Learning-Oriented Board Game for Blind Children

By Archontoula Arvanitaki and Chrysanthi Skoumpourdi

Preferred Citation

Arvanitaki, A., & Skoumpourdi, C. (2021). Adaption and Evaluation of a Learning-Oriented Board Game for Blind Children. Journal of Blindness Innovation & Research, 11(1). Retrieved from http://dx.doi/10.5241/11-199


It is important that learning-oriented games be made accessible to students with visual impairments. This study examined the use of an accessible version of a Snakes and Ladders board game for teaching concepts of number and addition to blind children. Drawing upon the existing Snakes and Ladders, researchers adapted the game by modifying the game board elements and pieces (pawns, snakes, ladders, die) to be recognized and used by a sense of touch. Participants in the study were two children who were blind since birth, 9 and 11 years old respectively. After an initial diagnostic test of numbers and addition, the students were familiarized with the game elements, pieces, and rules, as well as with study procedures. Then over the course of about 1 hour, the students, who were already good friends, played the game together, being facilitated occasionally by a teacher of the blind students and observed by a researcher. At several points, the teacher helped both students overcome barriers to effective use. The researcher also periodically paused gameplay to record observations. The teacher and students used various strategies to foster gameplay and learning. The study suggests that the adaptations were largely effective in promoting positive affect in the children, as well as opportunities for learning relevant math skills.


Accessible board game, blind children, number, addition

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DOI: http://dx.doi/10.5241/11-199

The Journal of Blindness Innovation and Research is copyright (c) 2021 to the National Federation of the Blind.